Neighbourhood Typologies

Halifax, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Hamilton, Winnipeg, Calgary, Vancouver

Robert Murdie, Richard Maaranen, and Jennifer Logan carried out a joint analysis of census data for eight metropolitan areas at the census tract level (a proxy for neighbourhoods). One analysis produced a neighbourhood typology for 2006, the last long-form census. The other produced a neighbourhood typology of change over the 1981 to 2006 period. The full report of each typology is supplemented with a summary report.

Neighbourhood Change Trends 1981-2006

Murdie etal 2015 COVER How Neighbourhoods are Changing 1981-2006 - summary report

Eight Canadian Metropolitan Areas: Spatial Patterns of Neighbourhood Change, 1981-2006. Research Paper 234, Cities Centre, University of Toronto, October 2014, 85 pages. ISSN 0316-0068; ISBN 978-0-7727-9117-7.

SUMMARY report: How Neighbourhoods are Changing: A Neighbourhood Change Typology, 1981-2006.

MAPS only, 1981-2006 change trend typologies, 8 metropolitan areas


Neighbourhood Typology 2006

Murdie etal 2013 COVER Who Lived Where in 2006 - summary reportEight Canadian Metropolitan Areas: Who Lived Where in 2006? Research Paper 229, Cities Centre, University of Toronto, September 2013, 44 pages. ISSN 0316-0068; ISBN 978-0-7727-1492-3.

SUMMARY report:  Who Lived Where in 2006.

MAPS only, 2006 neighbourhood typologies, 8 metropolitan areas


MAPS only, eight metropolitan areas, 1981-2006 change trends .

ALSO:  Bibliography and Review of Neighbourhood Typologies with a Focus on Canada, the United States, and Australia/New Zealand, by Robert Murdie and Jennifer Logan. Cities Centre UofT & Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership Research Paper 233, September 2014. 58 pages. ISBN 978-0-7727-9116-0.


Robert Murdie is a member of the research team of the Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership. He is Professor Emeritus of Geography at York University. His primary research interests include the changing social geography of Canadian cities and the housing experiences of recent immigrants, especially in Toronto.

Richard Maaranen is a Research Associate and Data Analyst with the Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership. He completed his master’s degree in Spatial Analysis in 2001, a unique joint program between the University of Toronto and Ryerson University. He has provided geographic data analysis and cartography support on a wide range of research topics such as gentrification, income inequality, and immigrant settlement patterns in Canada’s largest cities.

Jennifer Logan completed her master’s degree in Geography at York University in 2010. She was a research assistant with the Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership from December 2012 to June 2013. Until her untimely death in January 2015 she maintained an interest in the settlement experiences of new immigrants, their evaluation of “home,” and the role of housing in immigrant integration. Jennifer was a valued member of the Neighbourhood Change team and contributed substantially to various publications of the project.

The Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership

The research and its publication is funded by a multi-year grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The research initiative, titled Neighbourhood Inequality, Diversity and Change: Trends, Processes, Consequences and Policy Options for Canada’s Large Metropolitan Areas, is based at the Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto (J David Hulchanski, Principal Investigator).

The Neighbourhood Change Research Partnership is examining inequality, diversity, and change at the neighbourhood level in urban Canada with a focus on better understanding the connection between inequality and socio-spatial exclusion. As a key part of the research agenda, we seek to identify similarities and differences among major metropolitan areas.